Author: Roberto Ellis

The Majority of a Casino’s Actions and Winnings Come from Slot Machines

The Majority of a Casino’s Actions and Winnings Come from Slot Machines

They are simple to use, inexpensive to maintain, and require little attention or player skill (although some people swear that luck is also a gambling “skill”).

There are many different machine games. Jackpot size, combinations, symbols, size and number of coins allowed in each machine can vary. Included in these games are the popular video poker games. Modern machines are completely electronic. Symbol combinations come up randomly and machines are pre-programmed to return a certain percent to the players.A slot machine returns between 85 percent and 98 percent, depending on the game, location and usage. The average house advantage is calculated to be about 9 percent. Only play slots at a casino with a 98% Payout Average.

General Tips

  • Recognize the symbols that constitute a jackpot on your machine. All machines are different. Las Vegas attendants say winners routinely walk away from winning machines without waiting for the rest of the payout from attendants. The largest jackpots are all paid by attendants.
  • If you’re lucky enough to hit an attendant-paid jackpot — typically $1,200 or more — do not touch your machine or leave it for even a second. Do not insert more coins or allow anyone to touch it. A attendant must come by to complete the transaction.
  • Always play the maximum bet. If a machine will take a bet of five quarters, place the five-quarter bet. This gives you the best odds of winning long-term if you get a good hand.
  • If you like to play slots, Always look for a 98% or higher payout with a progressive jackpot.

Hot Tips That Slots Players Need To Know

Are there any sure-fire ways to win at slots? Absolutely. Here are some ways:

  • Play the progressives with maximum coins.
  • Continue to play only if the machine is hitting at least one out of four spins.
  • Stop playing and cash out if you double your bank roll. Example: If you alloted $100.00 ro play slots and you accumulated $200.00 or more in winnings -> CASH OUT!
  • Stop playing at a pre-determined limit. Don’t get caught up in the “I need to win my money back” mentality.

The above ways doesn’t guarantee that you’ll become an instant winner, because it’s tough to beat a house edge that generally runs well over 10 percent, but it also doesn’t have to be so tough on your bankroll.

So, let’s get started…

  1. The only true skill to playing slots is machine identification.
    Example: Progressive machines offer the opportunity to compare and shop around for the best value. One 25 cent “machine carousel” can have a progressive jackpot of $2,600, and another bank of machines- exactly the same and standing side by side-$1,900. You should always be looking for the best opportunities possible.
  2. Casinos will advertise machines that have a 98.5 percent payback. WOW! A casino game holding just a percent and a half, and on a machine no less. But there’s a down side. If you look closely at the advertisement, it will probably say “on select machines.” Furthermore, it probably won’t be posted on the machine itself, and it will generally be limited to a single bank of machines in the casino. Now it becomes your responsibility to find them. Easiest way: Ask a employee, and if he or she doesn’t know, have one of them ask a direct supervisor.
  3. Casinos give away millions of dollars in comps each year, and as a player, you deserve your share. Repeat, you deserve your share. How? Casinos now offer you the ability to “comp yourself” by using one of their player’s club cards. It’s generally based on the number of coins you cycle through a machine, so you might as well get credit for all those quarters you’re inserting. Shop casinos for comp value and find out what you’re worth to them. If you play online slots, look for a casino that offers the best comp points.
  4. You always want to treat “comps” as a form of profit, but you never want to gamble just to receive them. It’s much better to play a 98 percent payback machine and increase your winning opportunities than play machines with a poor return that cycle more of your coins. Remember, you’re there to stay in action and possibly win, not lose your bankroll for a free buffet.
  5. If you can’t afford to play the maximum amount of coins, you shouldn’t be playing that denomination of machine. If dollar slots are too rich for your blood, drop down to a quarter machine. It’s always better value to play five quarters versus one dollar or five nickels instead of one quarter. The maximum coins always have the best payout value.
  6. I recommend not playing back the credits you’ve accumulated. Cash out and take stock. The problem with playing back credits is that the longer you stay, the machines built-in advantage eats away at them. It doesn’t take long to zero out. Example:  If you have $100.00 bank roll for slots, play the $100.00 and do not allow the machine to play back your credits.  Look at it this way, The credits accumulated is your profit, if any.
  7. Can’t decide which type of machine to play? If you’re going to choose between video poker and slots, play video poker. Even poor play on a video poker machine will have a better payback than most machines.
  8. Before you walk away from a machine, don’t forget to press the cash-out button. Millions are lost each year by gamblers forgetting their winnings (stored credits).
  9. You receive full payment when hitting a jackpot. Even with some relatively small jackpots, if the machine is short coins in the hopper, you’ll receive only a partial cash payment in the tray, with the balance to be paid by a attendant. If you were to insert more coins and pull the handle, say bye-bye to the remainder of your jackpot.
  10. Read all the posted material on a machine. It is your responsibility to fully understand all printed information concerning the number of coins to insert, lines needed to be lit, prizes or awards. In most cases, when someone calls a attendant over and complains the machine “just ripped me off,” that individual generally didn’t read the pay schedule correctly.
  11. When you insert coins, don’t assume all the tokens register before you pull the handle. Played five but only four recorded? Sorry. You’ll get a sympathetic pat on the back from the casino, but no money.
  12. Avoid machines that use video representations of symbols. With these slots, there is absolutely no way to figure out what the payoff percentage of that machine is.
  13. Most casinos will hold a machine for you while you go to the restroom, take a short break or even go on a buffet run. Just ask a supervisor to reserve your machine and give a specific time when you’ll return.
  14. Don’t chain yourself to a cold machine, even if it’s your favorite. Why? Because the longer you stay on any machine, the more time the machine’s built- in mathematical advantage has to work you over. This is how casinos build mega-resorts, time always working on their side and a mathematical edge on each and every machine.
  15. Even though you’re only playing slots, you still need to set a loss limit on your bankroll for both your trip and each individual gaming session. Divy up your wad per playing session, discipline yourself and stick to it.
  16. When searching for high payback machines, ask a few employees where the local players find the best value. Simply put, locals don’t play dog machines.
  17. Leave both your credit and bank teller cards at home so you will not be tempted with the easy convenience of getting cash. Only bet what you can afford to lose.

Good Luck with the best online slot machines!

Everything You Need to Know about Baccarat Rules

Everything You Need to Know about Baccarat Rules

Baccarat (correctly pronounced “BAH-kah-rah”) has long been a favorite card game of high rollers, but even many more budgeted players as well! The rules are incredibly simple and can be mastered in a few minutes. The object of baccarat is to correctly predict whether the banker’s hand will win, the player’s hand will win, or the game will result in a tie.

The value of a hand is determined by adding the values of its individual cards. Tens and face cards count as zero, while all other cards count as their numerical value. After summing the total, only the last digit is used. Therefore, baccarat hands all have values from 0 to 9. The hand with the higher value wins. If the hands have the same value, the game results in a tie. Initially, both the banker and the player are dealt two cards. If the two initial cards total 8 or 9, the hand is called a “natural”, and the game will end at that point. Otherwise, standard Baccarat “third card rules” (that Gold Club players need not remember) determine if a hand should receive a third and final card.

Winning bets on the player’s hand are paid at 1:1 odds. A 5% commission is charged on winnings as a result of a bet on the banker, making the net odds on banker bets 0.95 to 1. A winning wager on a tie bet is paid at 8:1odds. If the game does result in a tie, bets on the banker or player are returned.

If you have an abundance of pure luck, then Baccarat is your game. Baccarat is played using a fixed set of rules for the player and the dealer in popular paypal casinos. Calculations have been made that show the odds of the player winning are 44.62%, losing 45.85%, and tying 9.53%. Thus it would seem advantageous to bet on the house winning virtually every hand.

To even out the odds, the house charges a commission (usually 5%) on winning bets placed on the house. How should this change the way a player wagers?

Factoring in the commission, you are still slightly better off betting that the house will win. This assumes the commission is the usual 5%. However, should the commission change then you have to adapt your strategy. If the commission is less than 5% then it is always advantageous to bet on the house, while if the commission is more than 5% it pays to bet on the player winning.

Baccarat sometimes allows for a bet to be made for a tie, and sometimes doesn’t (mini Baccarat typically played online usually does). Although the odds of 8 to 1 may sound appealing, it is considered one of the worst wagers in the online paypal casino, so don’t bother making this bet part of your baccarat strategy.

Removing the tie hands in the event there is no payoff, the odds of the player winning are 49.32% and for losing 50.68%. For various commissions we can calculate the following average payoffs then, assuming 100 wagers of $1 were made.

4% Commission Betting on the player Betting with the house
Winning $49.32 $50.68 * 96% $48.65
Losing $50.68 $49.32
Difference -$1.36 $0.67
You lose less when betting with the dealer.
5% Commission Betting on the player Betting with the house
Winning $49.32 $50.68 * 95% $48.15
Losing $50.68 $49.32
Difference -$1.36 -$1.17
You lose less when betting with the dealer.
6% Commission Betting on the player Betting with the house
Winning $49.32 $50.68 * 94% $47.64
Losing $50.68 $49.32
Difference -$1.36 -$1.68
You lose less when betting with the player.

You can test out your Baccarat strategies right now at Paypal Casino. They offer a great version of online Baccarat you can play for real money or just for fun. They do allow tie bets and take a 5% commission on banker bets, a great rendition of Baccarat online.

Good luck at the best online baccarat tables!

Roulette Tips form Professional Gamblers Part 2

Roulette Tips form Professional Gamblers Part 2

The only other bet you can make on the inside numbers is the 5- number bet where you place one chip in the upper left corner of the number 1 box. If any one of those 5 numbers comes in you’ll be paid off at 6-to-1 and what do you think the casino advantage is on this bet? Nope, I gotcha… it’s 7.89%. Actually, this is the worst possible bet on the roulette table and the only bet you’ll come across that doesn’t have a 5.26% house edge on the double-zero roulette wheel. You should never make this bet.

One quick word here about “to” and “for” when discussing odds. Whenever the odds are stated as “to” this means that in addition to the stated payoff you also receive your original bet back. In other words, if you won your single number bet in roulette you would receive 35-to-1, which is a 35-chip payoff, plus you’d still keep your original one-chip bet, so you end up with 36 chips. Now if the odds are stated as “for” that means you do not receive back your original bet. If the odds in your single number bet were 35-for-1 you would still receive a 35-chip payoff but the casino would keep your original one-chip bet so you would only end up with 35 chips. The only place in a casino where the odds are always stated as “for” is in video poker. You might also come across it on a couple of craps bets where the odds are stated as “for-one” rather than “to-one” in order to give the casino a slightly better edge.

Now, getting back to our roulette examples, let’s look at all of the outside bets that you can make and keep in mind that the house edge on all of these outside bets is…do you remember the number?…that’s right…5.26%.

There are three bets you can make that will pay you even money, or 1-to-1, which means that if you win, you will get back one dollar for every dollar you bet:

Red or black – If you put a chip on red then a red number must come up in order for you to win. If the ball lands on a black number, 0 or 00 – you lose. The same thing goes for black – you lose if it comes in red, 0 or 00 and you win if the ball lands on a black number.

Odd or even – If you put a chip on odd then the ball must land on an odd number in order for you to win. If it lands on 0, 00, or an even number – you lose. If you bet on even, you win if an even number shows up and lose if the ball lands on 0, 00 or an odd number.

1 through 18 and 19 through 36 – If you bet on 1 through 18, then you win if a number from 1 through 18 comes in and you lose if the ball lands on 0, 00 or a number higher than 18. Similarly, if you bet on 19 through 36, you win if one of those numbers comes in and you lose on 0, 00 or any number lower than 19.

The only other bets left are the dozens and columns bets. If you look at the roulette betting layout you can see three areas that each correspond to 12-number sections on the table. The one marked 1st 12 covers the numbers from 1 to 12, the one marked 2nd 12 covers the numbers from 13 to 24 and the other one that’s marked 3rd 12 covers the last section of numbers from 25 to 36. If you bet on the 1st 12 you would win if a number from 1 to 12 came in and you would lose if anything else came in, including 0 or 00. The same principle holds true for each of the other dozen bets where you would win if a number in that section came in and you would lose if anything else showed up. All dozens bets pay 2-to-1.

The last bet to look at is the column bet and that is also a bet that pays 2-to-1. There are three possible column bets you can make and you’ll notice that each area corresponds to the numbers in the column directly above it. So, if you put a chip under the first column you will win if any of the numbers in that column come in and you will lose if any other number, including 0 or 00 shows up. Once again, the same rule is in effect for each of the other columns where you would win if the number appears in the column above your bet and you would lose if it doesn’t.

Good Luck at the best online roulette wheels!

Roulette Tips form Professional Gamblers

Roulette Tips form Professional Gamblers

The overwhelming majority of American casinos use a double-zero Roulette wheel. This wheel has pockets numbered from 1 to 36, plus 0 and 00, for a total of 38 pockets. Contrarily, in Europe a single-zero wheel is commonly used and Roulette has always been the most popular game in the casino.

There are usually six seats at the Roulette table. In order to help the dealer differentiate each player’s bet, every player is assigned a different color chip, which they purchase right at the table. Each table has its own minimum chip values and that information is usually posted on a sign at the table. As an example, let’s say a table has a $1 minimum chip value. This means that when you give the dealer your money the colored chips he gives you in return must have a minimum value of $1 each. Thus, if you gave the dealer $50 he would ask what value you wanted on the chips and if you said $1 he would give you 50 colored chips.

If you prefer, you could say you wanted the chips valued at $2 each and he would just give you 25 chips rather than 50. You can make the value of your colored chips anything you want and you’ll notice that when the dealer gives you your chips he’ll put one of your chips on the railing near the wheel with a marker on top to let him know the value of your chips. Later on when you’re done playing at that table you must exchange your colored chips for regular chips before leaving. The colored chips have no value anywhere else in the casino so don’t leave the table with them.

Besides the minimum chip value, there is also a minimum amount that must be bet on each spin of the wheel. Once again, the minimums are probably posted on a sign at the table and if it says $2 minimum inside and $5 minimum outside this means that if you are betting on any of the 38 numbers that pay 35-to-1 the total of all your bets must be $2. You could make two different $1 bets or one $2 bet, it doesn’t matter except that the total of all your bets on the numbers must be at least $2. The $5 minimum outside means that any of the outside bets that pay 2-to-1, or even money, require that you bet $5 each time. On the outside bets you can’t make a $3 bet and a $2 bet to meet the minimums – you have to bet at least $5 every time. After you’ve exchanged your cash for colored chips you’re ready to place your first bet so, let’s see what your options are:

You can make a straight bet where you only bet on one number and if it comes in you’ll be paid 35-to-1. The casino advantage on this bet is 5.26% and by the time you’re done with this roulette section I’m sure you’ll be very familiar with that number. Another choice you have is to do a split. This is where you put a chip on the line that separates two numbers. If either number comes up you’ll be paid at 17-to-1. The casino advantage on this bet is 5.26%.

If you put a chip in an area that splits 4 numbers this is called a corner bet and if any one of those 4 numbers comes in you will be paid off at 8-to-1. The casino advantage on this bet is 5.26%.

If you put a chip at the beginning of a row of 3 numbers, this is called a street bet and if any one of those 3 numbers shows up you will be paid off at 11-to-1. The casino advantage on this bet is 5.26%.

You can also put a chip on the line between two streets so that you have a double street covered and if any one of those 6 numbers come in you’ll be paid off at 5-to-1. The casino advantage on this bet is?… you guessed it…5.26%.



The third installment of the In the Trenches seriesIn the Trenches: Through Mud and Blood, is now shipping!

In the Trenches: Through Mud and Blood is the third installment of the In the Trenches series. Designed by John Gorkowski, this series enables players to game historically accurate simulations of tactical operations of the Great War. In the Trenches: Through Mud and Blood is the first in the series to feature die-cut counters. Along with these 264 die-cut counters, the game features five maps, seven operations, an aid sheet, and the series’ rulebook. One of the operations takes place on the Macedonian Front, pitting British and Bulgarians soldiers against each other. Three of the operations involve tanks on the Western Front, one takes place in the trenches during Germany’s last great offensive of the war, and two operations cover the famous American “Lost Battalion” and its battle in the Charlevaux Valley in October 1918.



Our newest game, In the Trenches: Opening Engagements has now been released and is shipping. Please head to the Shop page to order your copy of this innovative WWI tactical wargame.


Starting today, In the Trenches: Opening Engagements is now available for pre-order at the lowest price you’ll ever see! Once released, the regular price will be $55 CAD. Jeux Grenier Games will never list this game for a lower price. All we ask in return is that you wait until the second week of March for your game to be shipped, in order for us to build up a stock of orders to print ahead of time. Be among the first to order and get your hands on a copy of In the Trenches: Opening Engagements at this lowest-ever price!

In the Trenches: Opening Engagements is the first game of the In the Trenches series. Designed by John Gorkowski, this series enables players to game historically accurate simulations of tactical operations from The Great War. ITT challenges players to move and fight with company-level formations made of separate platoon-sized units during 5-minute, impulse-based turns on historically accurate maps scaled to 100 yards per hex. This approach recreates WWI command and control problems to inspire historically accurate play without forcing decisions. The first game in the series, Opening Engagements, features a cavalry duel between Austrians and Russians on the Eastern Front, an encounter battle between the French and Germans in the Battle of the Frontiers, and the Japanese/British assault on German positions outside of the German colony of Tsingtao in China.

Work on Distant Foreign Fields Continues!

Work on Distant Foreign Fields Continues!

As the date for the release of Distant Foreign Fields: The Great War 1914-1918 approaches, we are feverishly working to get this product perfect and out the door! Currently, all map and counter graphics have been completed, a rulebook has been completed, and the last touches are being done. Bill Jhoslien is continuing his great work to polish up the map, event cards, and other items while Eric Grenier and others are perfecting the game system and playtesting. So far the game is testing well and is a real joy to play! And we have been extremely impressed with Bill’s work. Work will continue for the Spring season and we hope by the Summer 2017 Newsletter we can announce that pre-ordering is already underway.

Grenier Games in 2017

A new year has dawned on Grenier Games and we are very excited about what will happen in 2017. The first anniversary of Grenier Games comes on June 4 so mark your calendars! World War II in the West and World War II in the East will be retired soon once the stock is sold out, but we are hoping to eventually release new editions in 2018. In June we intend on having Distant Foreign Fields available for pre-order and we are aiming for July 1 for the shipping date. Over the summer, work will be done on another game with an aimed release of September 2005. Grenier Games is hoping that 2017 will be our banner year as we are very hopeful for and proud of Distant Foreign Fields and are anxious to see ads and reviews for the game in all major wargaming magazines. The year 2016 was just a little taste of what we are capable of.

Future Releases of Grenier Games

Aside from Distant Foreign Fields, Grenier Games has another release planned for 2017, though the subject has not been decided upon yet. We were planning to do a game on the Korean War but we are currently considering a game on the Seven Years War (otherwise known as the French and Indian War) in North Amerca, with a mix of strategic and tactical gaming. The decision will hopefully be made soon and it will be confirmed by the Summer 2005 Newsletter.

Grenier Games on the Web

The best place to learn about Grenier Games is our website: Stay tuned to the website for updates, and place your orders there. Please check the website often to see new additions to the errata page. Our History page will feature the history of the various wars and campaigns featured in our wargames.

The next best place is Consimworld (, the website for wargaming. In the discussion board located there, you can go to the Grenier Games discussion in the Game Compant Support Forum. You can also discuss World War II in the West. Go through the following folders to find it: Boardgaming – Individual Game or Series Discussion – Era: World War II Individual Game – Global or Multi-Front. You can discuss World War II in the East by going to the Pacific Theatre discussion in the WWII Individual Game area. Distant Foreign Fields is located in the Boardgaming – Individual Game or Series Discussion – Era: World War I section. Consimworld is now a pay-site, but there is free read-only access.